In the echoes of big debate, long consultations, accusing fingers pointing and amendments to statistics policy and law in Tanzania, neighbouring Mozambique has launched a new statistics-based system to track trends in the labour market sector.
Tagged the Labour Market Information System (SIMT), the management platform has come on board at a ceremony hosted by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security of Mozambique (MITESS) rather than the National Institute of Statistics (INE).
Reports from Mozambique revealed invited participants in the order of the Deputy Minister of Science and Technology, Higher Education (MCTESTP), the President of the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the Resident Representative of the African Development Bank and the Representative of the International Labour Organization (ILO. Various other state institutions, the private sector and development partners also attended.
During the ceremony, Employment and Social Security Minister, Vitória Diogo, said the platform would process information from various sources in an integrated manner, thus making it possible to combine demand and supply data to identify the opportunities and imbalances in the labor market.
"It will be possible to consider the competences produced by the institutions of education and training, thus it appears as a reference tool for possible curricular reforms," the minister said.
According to 2001 United Nations Statistics Department international recommendations, there are three different types of national statistical system organizations. These are centralized structure, decentralized and a kind of combination of those two systems.
The Mozambican statistics philosophy and practice is that while the private sector needs reliable information for their decision making, measurements of performance and achievement of goals for public services, can only be made on the basis of objective and independent statistics.
The new system is supported by the African Development Bank under the Job Creation and Livelihood Improvement Project, in which the International Labour Organisation (ILO) is also a key partner.
SIMT aims to establish a new dynamic in the analysis of the behavior of the sector based on reliable statistics. More importantly, SIMT will enable the government of Mozambique to formulate skills development policies and programs, which will lead to the creation of decent employment opportunities, as well as growth and economic integration.
The African Development Bank views SMIT as an incorporation of the Country’s Strategy Paper (CSP) 2016-2020, which identifies the investment in human capital as a key issue to increase workforce productivity and the overall competitiveness of the economy. The CSP also ensures that women and young people, in particular, can also participate in the growth process.
Tanzania’s move of centralizing official statistics and criminalizing its questioning met with wide range criticisms for what was expressed as paving the way for undermining the production of useful and high quality data.
The National Statistical System of Mozambique constitutes a set of competent institutions to perform the official statistics activities while the INE remains in charge of data collection and dissemination of the country´s official statistics.
Some of its authorities have been decentralized to other ministries and institutions, particularly those whose statistics rely very much on administrative records. Thus Central Bank is responsible for financial and monetary statistics and Balance of Payments. In the same vein, the Ministry of Labour is responsible labour force data and so on.
All that line institutions have to do is to comply with the fundamental principles of official statistics which the INE is the national custodian.