UNCTAD: North and Eastern Africa are continent’s main tourist destinations

...and international tourist arrival in Africa doubles as Eastern regional hit ground running

UNCTAD: North and Eastern Africa are continent’s main tourist destinations

...and international tourist arrival in Africa doubles as Eastern regional hit ground running

12 October 2017 Thursday 00:00
UNCTAD: North and Eastern Africa are continent’s main tourist destinations

By Azania Post Reporter

THE number of tourist arrival in African continent has doubled for the past fifteen years reaching 56million recorded in year 2014 from 24 million reported in 1995, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has said.

According to the organisation’s Secretary General Mukhisa Kituyi, in year 2005 the number stood at 48 million tourist who visited various African countries.

 In  terms  of  growth,  international  tourist  arrivals  to  Africa  grew  by  an  average  of  6  per  cent  per  year  during  the  period  under  review,  1995–2014.

 Northern Africa has been the main tourist destination of the continent  throughout  the  period  under  review, followed  by  Southern  and  Eastern  Africa.

In  2011–2014,  the  shares  of  international  tourist arrivals reached 47 per cent, 22 per cent and 20 per cent respectively for each of  these  sub regions,  while  Western  and  Middle  Africa  accounted  for  only  7  per  cent and  4  per  cent,  respectively.

This distribution reflects the fact that  the  economies  in  Middle Africa depend mostly on mining and that services play a much smaller role in the sub region compared with all other sub regions in Africa. It also suggests that tourism is  more prominent in sub regions with more developed infrastructure.

Considering  individual  countries,   during  2011–2014,  Egypt  (9.9  million),  Morocco  (9.8  million),  South  Africa  (9.2  million)  and  Tunisia  (6.8  million) recorded  the  highest  average  numbers  of  international  tourist  arrivals.

According to Economic development in Africa report 2017, the   four countries accounted for 64 per cent of all international tourist arrivals to Africa during 2011–2014, highlighting the high degree of concentration of arrivals.

Tourism in Africa has experienced not only strong growth in terms of arrivals but also in terms of expenditures and revenues. Inbound tourism expenditures on travel, that is international  tourism  receipts,  recorded  an  annual  average  growth  rate  of  9  per  cent  from 1995 to 2014 in nominal terms. It should be noted, however, that figures for the initial years of the period may have followed a different methodology from that used  in  subsequent  years  given  the  strong  and  sudden  increase  after  2002.

These receipts grew on average by 6 per cent per year in 1995–1998; growth then increased to 13 per cent per year in 2005–2008.

With greater volatility following the financial crisis, receipts  peaked  in  2012  and  recorded  a  yearly  decline  of  2  per  cent  per  year  in  the  period 2011–2014.

As the samples used for 2013 and in particular 2014 are smaller, this decline must be interpreted with caution. Similar to arrivals, a decline in receipts is estimated for 2015.

The  total  value  of  tourism  as  an  export  sector  is  estimated  by  add

Azania Post

Updated: 13.10.2017 10:17
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