Early diagnosis and treatment reduces the mortality rate in patients with large bowel cancers, stressing that irregular life, alcohol and cigarette use are considered to be important risk factors for colon cancer, which increases in incidence after 50 years of age.
General Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer noted that the digestive system of colon and rectum cancers is the most common cancer site.
He said that 140,000 new diagnoses were made in America annually and that more than 50 patients per year lost their lives for this reason, which is why colorectal cancer is the third deadly cancer.
"It is essential to determine the risk factors for developing cancer in order to determine the appropriate target population for screening and screening for early diagnosis," Özer said, emphasizing that early diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment developments have reduced the mortality rate seen in colorectal cancers in recent years.
WHAT IS THE FARMING BLEEDING CANCER INCREASING THE RISK?
Noting that many factors play a role in the causes of colon cancer, Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer gave the following information about these factors:
Age: The age factor is a predominant risk factor for colorectal cancer, and the incidence increases gradually after age 50. More than 90 percent of cases are over 50 years old. Colorectal cancer, however, can be seen at any age.
Familiar factors: 80 percent of colorectal cancers develop spontaneously, 20 percent have known familial colorectal cancer.
Environment and diet: Saturated or unsaturated oil-rich diets (consumption of animal fats) increase the risk. Diets rich in oleic acid like olive oil, fish oil, coconut oil do not increase the risk. Diets rich in vegetable fiber, calcium, selenium, vitamins A, C, E and carotenoids, plant phenol consumption reduces the risk of colorectal cancer. Alcohol intake increases the risk of a lifestyle where obesity and irregular physical activity are present or physical activity is absent.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Patients with colitis due to long-standing inflammatory bowel disease have an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
Smoking: Patients with urinary tract colonic injury, acromegaly, pelvic radiotherapy (radiation therapy of prostate cancer, etc.) are the factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
There are risk factors such as familial presence, over 50 years of age, irregular lifestyle, alcohol cigarette use, animal food dietary habit, regional radiotherapy, obesity, inflammatory bowel disease.
ATTITUDE OF BUTTERFLY CHANGES AND WEIGHT LOSS
Emphasizing that colorectal cancer should be remembered when symptoms such as bowel habit changes (diarrhea or constipation), rectal bleeding, black soft bowel movements, unexpected anemia (blood shortness) and weight loss are seen. Özer, "When these findings are seen, such as colonoscopy and rectoscopy examinations should be done, early diagnosis should be provided," he concluded his words:
"It is especially recommended that people who have risk factors do not undergo colonoscopy after 40 years of age. The necessary planning in the short term about the treatment after the early diagnosis is made by discussing with related branches. General Surgery Our specialists in our clinic have the opportunity to do necessary surgical treatment with our advanced technological facilities.