While menopause age is 52 in USA and 50 in Europe, women in our country usually enter menopause at 46-50 years. Moreover, according to studies, 3 out of every 100 females in our country are at risk for early menopause.
Early menopause, which is a permanent disruption of the menstrual cycle before the age of 40, can lead to serious health problems such as infertility, infertility, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and paralysis in the long term. Besides these, the chance of motherhood is also lost. For this reason it is imperative to take precautions against early menopause.
Any agent that damages the ovaries or stops the production of estrogen can be caused by early menopause. A large part of these risk factors are the factors we can not change. However, in early menopause, erratic habits and behaviors also play an important role. Therefore, lifestyle habits should be considered for reproductive health.
WHAT ARE THE FACTORS WHY EARLY MENOPOSA WHICH IS?
Genetics: The age of entering the maternal menopause determines the age of entry into the menopause of the young mother. If there is no medical reason for early menopause, it may be genetic
Smoking: An analysis of several studies shows that one in every 10 females who smoke long or regular smokers is at risk for premature menopause. According to the works done; Women who smoke more than 20 a day, women who do not drink menopause 2 years ago. It is thought to originate from the polycyclic hydrocarbons found in cigarette smoke.
Being very weak or very overweight: To be very weak, for example having less than 12 percent fat mass index, means having less fat tissue and estrogen deposits. This table can also cause menstruation and one third of these women to enter premature menopause. On the contrary, obesity, an important problem of our age, is also one of the important factors leading to early menopause.
Not exercising: A sedentary lifestyle causes excess hormones and toxins to accumulate in the body. Hormones accumulate in the body and toxins can be the cause of early menopause. On the contrary, our heart rate increases with exercise, which allows more oxygenated blood to be pumped into the body. This increase in circulation also helps to eliminate toxins. Exercise also triggers sweat glands by increasing body heat. Sweat is another way that our bodies can get rid of toxins. For this reason, do not neglect to do sports for at least 3 days a week and 5 days a week if possible.
D Vitamin D deficiency: In studies, less follicle, ie egg development, was observed in vitamin D deficiency. In terms of nutrition, it was also found that 17% lower risk of early menopause in vitamin D group was observed in women who had the least vitamin D intake compared to women who had the least vitamin D intake. For this reason, foods containing vitamin D should also be consumed regularly. It is also very important to sunbathe 25-30 minutes between 11.00-15.00 every day, without sun cream, between March and October. It is always beneficial to take a look at vitamin D level every year and apply to a doctor for supplements if necessary.
Calcium deficient nutrition: Early menopause was observed in women who received the most calcium from food sources during the study, by 13 percent. For this reason, take care to feed from calcium rich. The most important sources of calcium are milk and dairy products. Besides, molasses, sesame seeds, kurubaklagiller, green leafy vegetables, dried fruits, hazelnut and pistachio are among the calcium rich foods.
Stress: Psychological stress can cause changes in the hormonal system associated with uraemia. Research has found that chronic anxiety, sadness, fear and other negative emotions can lead to premature menopause by altering the reproductive system. According to studies, psychological stress causes some molecules to emerge in the hypothalamus of the brain. These molecules also disrupt the functioning of the reproductive system.
Various chemistries: There are also studies showing that some cosmetics products and teflon products may damage the ovaries. It is very important that you extract the products containing chemicals such as propanediol, methylolacrylamide and monomethyl ether, which are known to be harmful, from your life. Also take organic foods as much as possible. Some non-organic foods can usually contain pesticides, herbicides, protective hormones and antibiotics. Take care not to drink the tap water you are not sure of.
Vegetarian diet: There are studies showing that the vegetarian diet also leads to premature menopause. A scientific study in the United States, on the contrary, has shown that animal foods such as dairy products have a lower risk of early menopause in women who are rich in vitamin D and calcium.
Chromosomal causes: The ovaries may not function properly with an incomplete chromosome, eg, with Turner's Syndrome, or with additional chromosomes such as Down's Syndrome. As a result, early menopause can develop.
Autoimmune diseases: An autoimmune disease such as early menopausal thyroiditis and rheumatoid arthritis can also develop. In autoimmune diseases, there is an impairment in the immune system and the immune system perceives its own doctrine as foreign and attacks it. The defense system of the body perceives and attacks the ovaries as foreign tissue, preventing the production of hormones and causing the eggs to be consumed sooner than expected.
Infections: Mumps, the most common disease associated with early menopause. Even mild infections can cause ovarian failure. In addition, early menopause is seen in 3 percent of pelvic tuberculosis cases.
Cancer treatment: Some drugs used for chemotherapy or pelvic radiation therapy for cancer can also damage the ovaries. For this reason, it is very important to apply preventive treatment before treatment.
Surgical causes: The operation of the ovaries is also caused by early menopause. On the other hand, some women with uterine surgery, the uterus is left when the uterus is taken. In this case, the ovaries will continue to secrete hormones, so menopause is not entered immediately. However, the surgical procedure sometimes affects the blood flow of the ovaries. In this case, even if the ovaries are preserved, menopause can be entered before the expected period.