By Patrick Kisembo
THE United Nations Children's Fund (unicef) has revealed that gender disparities favour men over women in terms of new HIV/AIDS infection.
According to the statement availed to Azania Post by UNICEF said the preliminary findings of the Tanzania HIV Impact Survey 2016-17 state that the annual incidence of HIV among people aged 15 to 64 years was 0.29 percent.
“There are gender disparities. Women have a higher rate of new infections (0.4 per cent) than men (0.17 per cent),” it said.
“The prevalence of HIV among people aged 15 to 64 years in Tanzania stands at 5 percent is two-times higher in women (6.5 percent) than men (3.5 percent),” it said
UNICEF said disparity most pronounced among younger adults, with women in the age group of 15 to 19 years, 20 to 24 years and 25 to 29 years, have a higher prevalence than men in the same age group.
It stated that if Tanzania wants to achieve the 2030 goal of ending the AIDS epidemic it must invest and utilize emerging innovations such as HIV self-testing, pre-exposure prophylaxis and new pediatrics drugs.
It added that the country has to scale-up response for children, including expanding treatment programmes, and investing in new technology for point-of-care diagnostics.
“But is has also to strengthen capacity in the collection of comprehensive, disaggregated testing and treatment data, especially on adolescents, to help inform programming,” said the UN body.
“The AIDS epidemic must remain a public health concern, according to UNICEF. Innovative solutions must be adopted to speed up progress in preventing HIV infection of children and ensuring those living with HIV get the treatment they need,” it stressed.
Globally, in 2016 alone, 55,000 adolescents aged between age 10-19, died from AIDS-related causes, 91 per cent of them in sub-Saharan Africa.