A collegiate court on Monday ordered a truth commission to be created to investigate the massacre of 43 students in the southern state of Guerrero in 2014.
The Federal Judiciary Council (CJF) reported a three-judge panel from the First Collegiate Court in northeast Tamaulipas state unanimously agreed that Mexico's Attorney General's Office (PGR) failed to carry out a "rapid, effective, independent or impartial" investigation into the case that shocked Mexico and the world.
"Given the serious human rights violations, such as torture, forced disappearance and extrajudicial executions, and that (officials) were ordered to investigate the role of authorities from the three levels of government, in addition to the fact that Mexico has no independent prosecution, we ruled to create the commission," judges Mauricio Fernandez, Juan Antonio Trejo and Hector Galvez wrote in their decision.
The Truth and Justice Investigation Commission to be established will comprise representatives of the victims, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) and the Public Ministry of the PGR.
While many details of the case remain obscure, what is known is that the 43 victims, all enrolled at a teachers' college in Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, were traveling by bus when they were intercepted, abducted and tortured by local police in the town of Iguala, Guerrero on Sept. 26, 2014.
The PGR's investigation concluded that local police mistook the students for members of a criminal gang, and handed them over to a rival gang called Guerreros Unidos to kill them and dispose of the bodies, which have never been found.
The gang allegedly burnt their bodies at a local garbage dump.
Mexican authorities say they have arrested more than 130 suspects related to the case, including Iguala's mayor and his wife, who were believed to have ordered the police officers to intercept the students.