Kenyan Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) commissioner Roselyn Akombe says it would be "suicidal" for her to think she would be safe.
A senior member of Kenya's electoral commission (IEBC) has resigned, saying the country is unable to hold credible elections next week.
Roselyn Akombe said the IEBC was under political "siege", unable to reach consensus or take any decisions.
Now in the US, she told the BBC she had feared for her safety while in Kenya after receiving numerous threats.
Last week, opposition leader Raila Odinga pulled out of the 26 October presidential re-run.
The Supreme Court annulled the result of the original 8 August poll, which saw current President Uhuru Kenyatta declared winner, after finding irregularities and illegalities.
In a BBC Newsday interview from New York, Ms Akombe said the election commission's IT head, Chris Msando, was "brutally murdered" before the August poll, and "you'll be suicidal to think that nothing will happen to you".
"I have never felt the kind of fear that I felt in my own country," Ms Akombe told the BBC.
In a statement, Ms Akombe said she had "agonised over the decision to leave the IEBC.
"I have tried the best I could do given the circumstances. Sometimes, you walk away, especially when potentially lives are at stake. The commission has become a party to the current crisis. The commission is under siege.
Uhuru Kenyatta had won the August poll with 54% of the vote, the IECB said
And in the BBC interview, she said: "Would it be a credible election? Absolutely not.
"There is a very high likelihood that the mistakes that some of the presiding officers made during the last election will be repeated."
She said IEBC members had been voting along partisan lines, without discussing different issues on merit.
Commissioners and other IEBC personnel were facing intimidation by political actors and protesters, Ms Akombe said.
She added that the death threats were anonymous threats, and she had been put under pressure to resign.
She said she did not "feel safe enough to be able to go home" in the foreseeable future.
The IEBC said it regretted her decision to quit. It did not comment further.
Mr Odinga, who leads the opposition National Super Alliance (Nasa), said last week: "We have come to the conclusion that there is no intention on the part of the IEBC to undertake any changes to its operations and personnel.
"All indications are that the election scheduled for 26 October will be worse than the previous one."
Mr Odinga has organised a series of protests against the IEBC in recent weeks.
Meanwhile, Mr Kenyatta says he is ready to proceed with the new vote as planned.
"We have no problem going back to elections. We are sure we will get more votes than the last time."
"We are also telling him [Mr Odinga] it is the people's right to choose their leader. It is their sovereign right to choose their leader of choice," Mr Kenyatta said.
The country's electoral commission said Mr Kenyatta had won the August vote by a margin of 1.4 million votes - or 54% of the total, compared to Mr Odinga's 45%.