The claim comes two days after Verona received a suspended partial stadium ban and fined for a section of their fans racially abusing the 30-year-old.
The France midfielder said "weak people try to intimidate with hate".
"I am not a hater and can only be sorry for those who set bad examples," Matuidi said on his Facebook page.
He added: "Today I experienced racism during the match.
"Football is a way to spread equality, passion and inspiration and this is what I am here for. Peace."
Federico Bernardeschi scored the only goal of the game 16 minutes from time as Juventus recorded a sixth win in seven games to head into the two-week winter break one point behind leaders Napoli.
The incident at Verona took place on 30 December, where Matuidi scored the opening goal in a 3-1 win.
The Serie A club were punished for "the expression of racial discrimination, lasting about 10 seconds" towards Matuidi by a section of the home supporters in the fifth minute.